Longitudinal Study I (LSI)
Period of research 2007/08 to 2009/10 (3 years)
Sample 417 year 1 undergraduate (UG) students were recruited in Fall 2007, using a random sampling stratified by school affiliation. About 10% of participants dropped out throughout the study
Response mode Voluntary with incentive for students' participation
Period of data collection There were two rounds of data collection, namely Fall 2007 (i.e. pre-test) and Spring 2010 (i.e. post-test). They were conducted respectively at the first and final year of students' UG study.
Enquiry research.study@ust.hk
Description LSI is a 3-year longitudinal study which aimed to find out how effective the University was in helping its UG graduates to attain selected graduate attributes, namely critical thinking, information literacy, and leadership, and what kind of factors within the university contribute to its effectiveness or the lack thereof. This study modeled on similar studies conducted in the U.S., and in particular the research work of Pascarella, who together with Terenzini have published extensively in this area. This study tried to examine several categories of independent variables relating to the input and process of education programs to see to what extent they had an impact on the educational outcomes, the dependent variables. The categories of variables used in this study include:

Student background and pre-university experience
  • Personal characteristics, pre-university academic experience, pre-university non-academic experience, aspiration, social economic status, institutional choice
Interactions with agents of socialization
  • Academic Interactions which include both in-class and out-of-class learning experiences
  • Social interactions which include the various campus life experiences
Quality of student effort
  • Use of institutional resources, effort in academic work and participation in extra-curricular activities
Student educational outcomes
  • Educational outcomes that were measured in the study included critical thinking, information literacy, and leadership
Instruments used in the study The following instruments were adopted in the study: In addition, students were invited to participate in the following activities:
  • 3-min presentation
  • Insight resume task (a writing task inviting students to share their experiences in different situations)
  • Student focus group discussion